Submitting an academic paper for publication (and potentially getting it accepted) does not require any qualifications whatsoever.
You don’t need a PhD; you don’t even need to have gone to college.
However, if you can figure out how to do it without a PhD, then your lack of a PhD will not be held against you.
Do you have to be published to get a PhD?
In most institutions technically no publications are necessary, but in practice a PhD with no publications is not worth the paper it is printed on. Some universities do have a publication requirement but such bright ideas usually fall on their face because it can take up to 2y to get a paper published.
How many papers do PhD students publish?
If you want to get in the National Academy of Science, you’re probably going to need to publish a LOT over the course of your career. So getting them out early will only benefit your career. Esp if they’re high quality papers. An average postdoc should publish 2-3 papers per year.
Can I publish a paper without affiliation?
You do not have to be affiliated to a university to publish papers, however, your paper will most likely be reviewed by (early) academics. They will judge your work according to their academic standards. I use a university affiliation when I publish.
Do PhD dissertations get published?
Publishing Your Dissertation in a Scholarly Journal. When earning your PhD, don’t forget that all important final step. So you’ve decided you want to earn a PhD. But without a publication, or two or three, the dissertation is not technically a total success.