Quick Answer: What Are The Types Of HAI?

What are 3 common examples of nosocomial infections?

Some well known nosocomial infections include: ventilator-associated pneumonia, Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, Acinetobacter baumannii, Clostridium difficile, Tuberculosis, Urinary tract infection, Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus and Legionnaires’ disease..

Who is at risk for hai?

Anyone getting medical care is at some risk for an HAI; however, some people are at higher risk than others, including the following: Very young people – premature babies and very sick children. Very old people – the frail and the elderly. People with certain medical conditions – such as diabetes.

What are the 6 components of the chain of infection?

The six links include: the infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, and susceptible host. The way to stop germs from spreading is by interrupting this chain at any link.

How can the chain of infection be broken?

Break the chain by cleaning your hands frequently, staying up to date on your vaccines (including the flu shot), covering coughs and sneezes and staying home when sick, following the rules for standard and contact isolation, using personal protective equipment the right way, cleaning and disinfecting the environment, …

What is the most common HAI?

The four most common types of HAIs are related to invasive devices or surgical procedures and include:Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI)Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI)Surgical site infection (SSI)Ventilator-associated events (VAE)

How can you prevent infection at home?

Good hygiene: the primary way to prevent infectionsWash your hands well. … Cover a cough. … Wash and bandage all cuts. … Do not pick at healing wounds or blemishes, or squeeze pimples.Don’t share dishes, glasses, or eating utensils.Avoid direct contact with napkins, tissues, handkerchiefs, or similar items used by others.

How can Hai be prevented?

Infection control practices to reduce HAI include the use of protective barriers (e.g., gloves, gowns, face mask, protective eyewear, face shield) to reduce occupational transmission of organisms from the patient to the health care worker and from the health care worker to the patient.

What are the four major types of healthcare associated infection?

There are 4 types of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) include central line-associated bloodstream infections, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, and ventilator-associated pneumonia. You may know that infections may also occur at surgery sites, known as surgical site infections.

What is the most common type of healthcare associated infection?

13 most common healthcare-associated infectionsPneumonia: 21.8 percent of all healthcare-associated infections.Surgical-site infection: 21.8 percent.Gastrointestinal infection: 17.1 percent.Urinary tract infection: 12.9 percent.Primary bloodstream infections: 9.9 percent.Eye, ear, nose, throat or mouth infection: 5.6 percent.More items…•

What are the types of hospital acquired infections?

Hospital-acquired infections are caused by viral, bacterial, and fungal pathogens; the most common types are bloodstream infection (BSI), pneumonia (eg, ventilator-associated pneumonia [VAP]), urinary tract infection (UTI), and surgical site infection (SSI).

What is the most common type of hospital?

Most US hospitals are classified as community hospitals according to the American Hospital Association. Two-thirds are located in large cities. Some community hospitals provide general care, and others focus on certain diseases and conditions, such as orthopedics, to provide specialty care.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What is the most acquired hospital infection?

In the US, the most frequent type of infection hospital is urinary tract infection (36%), followed by surgical site infection (20%), and bloodstream infection and pneumonia (both 11%).

What are HAI infections?

Health care-associated infections (HAIs) are infections people get while they’re receiving health care for another condition. HAIs can happen in any health care facility, including hospitals, ambulatory surgical centers, end-stage renal disease facilities, and long-term care facilities.