Quick Answer: What Causes Foxing?

Foxing refers to the brown splotches, specks, and patches you often see in antiquarian books, especially those from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

They’re caused by growth of fungi or mildew, usually because the book has been exposed to excessive moisture or humidity.

How do I stop foxing?

Tips to Prevent Foxing

  • Store your books thoughtfully. Keep them in a room that has central air conditioning and heat.
  • If you live in a relatively humid area, consider using a dehumidifier.
  • Always use acid-free paper if wrapping, packing, or mounting rare books and ephemera.

Can foxing spread?

Foxing is not “contagious” unless it is of the organic kind caused by mold although that would likely be on materials that are organic, not on “Abby Wove” paper, Cambric etc – and even then it would be the mold that is “contagious”. Foxing may be unsightly but it will not harm your book.

Is foxing mold?

Foxing is the result of both mold and metal contaminants in paper. Foxing appears as brown, yellow, or red stains on the paper, often in spidery spots or blotches.

What are foxing stains?

Foxing is a term describing the age-related spots and browning seen on vintage paper documents such as books, postage stamps, certificates, and so forth. The name may derive from the fox-like reddish-brown color of the stains, or the rust chemical ferric oxide which may be involved.

Can foxing be removed?

Removing Foxing. There has been no definite cure for neutralising the mildew spore, chemical use not only breaks down the paper cellulose but also reactivates the ink so not only do the fibres of the paper break down, after a while and the paper starts to disintegrate and the ink or what ever medium can be rubbed off!

How do I get rid of foxing prints?

How to Remove Foxing on Paper

  1. Inspect the book for any remaining moisture.
  2. Sprinkle corn starch onto any pages that are very wet.
  3. Allow the book to remain laid out until it is completely dried out.
  4. Dry out the damp wallpaper by increasing the heat in the room.
  5. Prepare a mixture of 2 tbsp.
  6. Wipe down the dry wallpaper with the soapy water.

What does slightly foxed mean?

Slightly Foxed is a British quarterly literary magazine. Its primary focus is books and book culture. 2016 saw the publication of its fiftieth issue. The title, “Slightly Foxed” refers to a description of a book’s physical quality, commonly used in the second-hand book trade.

Why do books turn brown?

In the case of lignin oxidation, that color is yellow or brown. The more lignin that’s removed, the longer the paper will remain white. But newspaper — which is made cheaply — has more lignin in it than a typical textbook page, so it turns a yellow-brown color faster than other types of paper, she said.

Why do books get yellow spots?

In fact, the culprit of yellow books is caused by an aldehyde group. To put it simply, the paper contains a substance called lignin which oxidizes when exposed to air and sunlight, which eventually turn pages yellow.

What are foxing spots?

Foxing is an age-related process of deterioration that causes spots and browning on old paper documents such as books, postage stamps and certificates. The name may derive from the fox-like reddish-brown color of the stains, or the rust chemical ferric oxide which may be involved.

Does sunlight kill mold?

Sunlight has the ability to kill bacteria that cause mold formation. Rub an alcohol dampened rag over the mold stain and then wipe dry with a clean cloth. Books also occasionally have black mold growth. Clean them with a mild detergent solution-dipped rag and leave out in the sunlight to dry.

How do I remove foxing from old prints?

Wet the foxing on the print’s surface lightly with some tap water. Dip a cotton swab into the prepared solution. Gently rub the swab over the affected areas on the print.

What is foxing on paintings?

If you are a collector of watercolour paintings or works on paper, you may be familiar with the appearance of reddish brown spots on your painting, commonly known as ‘foxing’. Foxing can be treated well without compromising the paper support or pigments.

How do you remove the musty smell from books?

The same baking soda that absorbs bad odors in the fridge can absorb the bad odors in your books. Place a cup of baking soda or an opened box in a plastic box or bin with a lid. Put the book in the box with the baking soda and close the lid. Leave it for 48-72 hours, then check on the book.

Is mold on books dangerous?

Mold spores can be inhaled and are very harmful to the human body. By not removing mold from your books you and your loved ones could suffer from respiratory problems, infections, and even skin and eye irritation.